Views:10 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-12-18 Origin:Site
A plastic Ocean
We wish No Plastic Ocean
Plastic is good because it is not easy to damage, and plastic is not good because it is not easy to damage.
This film was shot in 2011. According to the data at that time, the United States invested 23.8 billion liters of petroleum to produce mineral water bottles each year, 90% of which were used only once. In the United States alone, 38 billion mineral springs are discarded every year For water bottles, two million tons of plastic are sent to landfills in the United States each year. This is only plastic from mineral water bottles.
This year alone, everyone in the world will use and discard 136 kg of disposable plastic products.
At the time of shooting, the global plastic products are expected to exceed 300 million tons. By 2050, when the world's population reaches 10 billion, the number of plastic products will triple.
More than 80% of marine plastic comes from the land, and even if you don't live by the sea, your plastic waste may enter the sea. The five great lakes of North America are a perfect example. 80% of the litter along the lake is plastic.
New research shows that the ratio of plastic to plankton in the western Mediterranean is 1: 2
The sea, which looks very clean to the naked eye, can see a lot of plastic fragments when filtering with a special mesh. Scientists estimate that more than 5 trillion pieces of plastic float in the global oceans.
Plastic smog. These plastic debris floating on the surface come from larger pieces of plastic. Over time, under the combined action of the sun's ultraviolet rays, wave slaps and salt corrosion, it is broken down into smaller "plastic particles. Plastic." The surface of the particles is rough, and the industrial and agricultural chemicals in the water adhere to the surface of the particles, turning them into poisons.
In some areas, there is more plastic than plankton, which is swallowed by marine life. Under the microscope, plankton and juveniles are swallowing plastic particles.
Micro soft beads used in scrubs, toothpastes and cosmetics are the main source of marine plastic particles. Their use must be banned worldwide.
Scientists estimate that the North Atlantic alone has 3,440 tons of plastic particles.
In the predatory environment on the sea surface, there are these floating plastic fragments, which have been mixed into the food chain, and the plastic cannot be degraded. We often say that it is broken down, but it may not be accurate to say that it is actually broken and split, the quantity becomes more, and the more the quantity of plastic, the greater the probability of being eaten.
Many sea creatures that eat these plastics are in our food chain, which means that these plastics will eventually enter our stomachs.
What's more serious is that these plastics absorb chemicals that float freely in the ocean, so when the fish eats the plastic, the toxins will be transferred from the plastic to the fish's muscle or fat, which we like to eat. The more fish swallow, the more toxins accumulate in the fish's body. The part we like to eat is also the part where the chemicals accumulate.
Most marine litter plastic comes mainly from China, Thailand, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka.
Newly published research in the "Science Report" shows that researchers at the University of California, Davis have tested 76 picked food fishes in Indonesia and 64 food fishes in California, and they found that about a quarter of the samples in both groups There are artificial debris in the internal organs.
In testing blue mussels at locations along the coasts of France, Belgium and the Netherlands, plastic particles were found in every organism tested. When you eat shellfish, you usually eat it whole, so you are more likely to eat plastic.
More than 2.6 billion people rely mainly on seafood to ingest protein, and plastics that are discharged into the ocean each year by 2025 are expected to reach ten times what they are now.
Trash discarded in the United States can even drift to Antarctica. Under the action of ocean currents, the ocean has no boundary and is a whole.
Plastic bags floating on the sea may be mistaken for jellyfish eaten by turtles, plastic bags or gas plastic fragments, and the consequences are obviously fatal to animals.
About one trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year, with an average of two million bags per minute, and the average use time of each plastic bag is only 12 minutes.
No one knows how much plastic has accumulated in the sea in the past 50 years, but one thing is certain, the speed of accumulation has increased.
Plastic is everywhere, and this is just a precursor to the future world, our children will see the tip of the iceberg of that world, and our grandchildren will not witness his end.
Replace the excavation with fertile soil landfills, garden soil, then cover with coconut pads (made from coconut husks), and then with vanilla roots (filter the sediment, increase soil strength, and recycle soil nutrients). These plants absorb other waste from the water.
Bioremediation: The use of natural organic matter to decompose harmful substances, making them non-toxic or low-toxic.
Phytoremediation: Use green plants to decontaminate soil and water containing heavy metals or excess minerals.
What health problems do you see people around?
Some people have the flu, some are infertile.
If the environment of the earth pit continues like this, what do you think will happen if people continue to live here?
I think they will get sick, but they don't want to leave. This is a good place, but imported plastic packaging has ruined our paradise. I want my children to have a bright future because I love them.
Most plastics release estrogen-active chemicals. Estrogen activity, also known as EA, is bisphenol A or phthalate. Chemicals released by plastics mimic estrogen after entering the body.
More than 92.6% of Americans over 6 years of age have detectable concentrations of bisphenol A in children, and the concentration in children aged 6-11 is twice that of adults.
When inspecting a baby bottle, all parts that come into contact with milk or infants must be inspected. All hard and transparent materials tested for Guo will release estrogen substances. Others, such as pacifiers, are usually made of silicone or latex. According to tests, latex will release estrogen active substances, and silicone resins will generally release estrogen active substances.
Stainless steel and glass are better choices. Colorants release a lot of chemicals, so try to avoid colored products. If you can't avoid them, white or black is better.
Most plastics release more estrogen-active chemicals after exposure.
The earth is like a trash can. When it is filled with plastic, there is no other place to put it.
You ca n’t filter small plastic pieces out of the ocean. You ca n’t filter the entire ocean. In fact, there is too much plastic in the ocean. It exists in a form we ca n’t find. So we should change our focus. Solved at the root cause.
How to stop plastic from flowing into the ocean from the root?
Food plastic packaging is the main municipal waste in the United States. In the United States, 8,000 tons of garbage comes from plastic food packaging every year. If you must buy food in plastic packaging, such as yogurt and cheese, buy large portions.
You know that disposable coffee bags, tea bags, and desiccants all contain plastic. If you want to avoid plastic contamination, avoid using disposable individually wrapped items.
Don't throw plastic into the trash. Americans discard 3.4 million tons of plastic every year, and only 7% will be recycled.
In 1991, Germany became the first country in the world to pass the Packaging Act, which mandates that plastic manufacturers have the responsibility to recycle or dispose of the packaging materials they sell. The industry has set up a company to supervise plastic waste phones, and this company is a timely green dot company.
In Germany, you can send plastic bottles to any supermarket and put it in this machine. It will scan the barcode on the bottle, which can tell the machine the type of plastic, which is recyclable, and the retailer's information. Put a plum in a bottle and consumers will get 25 cents. And retailers can get plastic, and they can sell it to recycling bins for a good price. On German streets, you rarely see plastic bottles because everyone is recycling them.
Plastic bags and water bottles are the worst one-off offenders.
Rwanda is one of the few countries that bans plastic bags. Rwanda is an agricultural country, so there are not many industries. This country has evaluated the impact of plastic bags on soil, especially animals, especially livestock. After evaluation, we decided, since we know he is not good, why keep him?
Sending plastic to landfills is a huge waste of valuable resources. They are very valuable. If they are landfilled, it will cost 100 pounds or about 150 dollars to process 1 ton in Europe. But as useful plastic, 1 ton is worth $ 1200-1500. The values are quite different.
Sorted recycled plastic is sent to factories as part of a circular economy, removed from labels, reprocessed into plastic raw materials, and ready to be sold again.
As a recycling industry, we believe that the government can increase its efforts to encourage the development of a circular supply chain. Many recycled plastics can be remade into the same product, which is called a "closed cycle." Such as bottles, basins, straws and other plastic packaging. Short-life products such as plastic packaging can be made into long-life products such as building materials and used in the automotive industry.
Plastic bank, 3D printed.
Pyrolysis plastic into diesel.
In the United States, only 8% of plastic waste is put into waste-to-energy equipment.
We treat the ocean as a garbage dump and throw things into the ocean that we don't want to exist in our living environment.
Ecosystems around the world are based on a healthy marine environment. If some functions are out of order, apart from problems, life around the world will be affected.
This planet is our home, and you can't expect to throw garbage somewhere, it will really "disappear". This kind of saying, "I'm not in my backyard anyway", ocean is the backyard or front yard, or living space for everyone. No matter how you think about it, our planet is dominated by blue parts, and most of the world is blue.
I'm going back to where it all started. I'm going back to look for whale swarms, looking for the baby whale we first saw. If the whale could talk, they would probably ask us: "What are you thinking? Other species in the world are working to improve the ecological environment in which they live, but you humans are like passersby on the planet."
I want to say to the parents of juvenile whales, "Sorry, I want to apologize on behalf of humans and you, because we brought plastic into your home.
I want to say, "We will tell you this story, because understanding is accompanied by caring, and caring brings about change."
Change the world, start with me, pursue recycling, not throw it away when you run out.
Refuse disposable plastic supplies.